Ten most important bicycles in the history of road cycling.
In the past few decades, cycling has never stopped innovation in equipment. We carefully selected 10 road bikes with symbolic significance. These 10 bikes can be said to have changed our views on bicycle design and even changed the sport of bicycles.
1. Legnano Team Edition Bike (1948) Star Owner: Gino Bartali
In 1940, Campagnolo introduced the Cambio Corsa transmission system. Before that, the bicycles used by the riders did not have a shifting system. If you want to shift the speed, you can only change your rear wheel-that is, change the size of the flywheel. And Campagnolo's drive system gives drivers two speeds to choose from! In 1948, Batali in the picture below used Cambio Corsa to win the Tour de France.
The transmission on the chain acts on the upper part of the chain, which is on the chainstay, which means that if you want to successfully shift the gear, the rider has to reverse the pedal when shifting. Once the shift is complete, the riders can start pedaling forward again and apply tension to the chain. Although it seemed that the transmission system was relatively simple at the time, this innovative kit is still a masterpiece of engineering.
2. TI-Raleigh Team Edition Bike (1980) Star Owner: Joop Zoetemelk
Raleigh started the professional team in 1972, eager to win the Tour de France. Under Peter Post's strong control of the professional car scene, Ti-Raleigh became the most efficient vehicle in the main car group, and it performed better than other cars in almost all aspects. In 1980, Tamaike Handed his yellow shirt to this brand in Nottingham. So far, Raleigh is still the only British bicycle brand that has won the Tour de France championship.
Joop Zoetemelk in the 1980 game.
This chariot was completed by Raleigh's Special Bike Development Unit. The leader of the team is Gerald O’Donovan, who is obsessed with making the best bicycles in the world. This bike uses Renault 531 pipes. In order to keep improving, the bike is equipped with a Campagnolo Record shift kit. The wheels are hand-made in the factory, and the frame is painted in Ilkeston.
Raleigh has a good record in the professional car world: one-time Tour de France championship, 62 Tour de France single wins, 26 classic wins, and 6 world championships.
3. Look KG86 Tour de France special edition bike(1986) star owner: La Vie Claire
Carbon fiber is the mainstream bicycle material in the 21st century, at least for now, it is still relatively mainstream. However, some manufacturers have been experimenting with carbon fiber materials to make frames since the 1970s. Although carbon fiber has a weight advantage, it was difficult to put carbon fiber into practical use at the time.
Steve Bauer is testing the strength of carbon fiber.
Look is the first manufacturer to produce a practical carbon fiber bicycle frame. The carbon fiber tube is manufactured by the French company TVT, which mixes Kevlar fiber and carbon fiber. The carbon fiber pipes are connected by aluminum alloy.
Look's KG86 is the first mass-produced carbon fiber frame. With Raymond using this frame to win the Tour de France, this frame quickly caused a sensation, and TVT subsequently began to produce its own frame. Peugeot and Vitus followed closely to produce similar frames.
4. Vitus 979 (1987) star owner: Sean Kelly
In the early 1970s, aluminum alloy bicycles became more and more popular among professional cyclists, although Jaques Anquetil started experimenting with aluminum frames in the 1960s. Aluminum alloy is lighter than steel, and its strength is better than steel. However, in the early years, aluminum alloy was used to make a tougher frame.
Kelly in the Tour of Spain in 1987.
French bicycle manufacturer Vitus has always insisted on using aluminum alloys to make frames. In the mid-1980s, Vitus began to use 979 tubes to make frames, which is called Duraluminium, which is stronger than traditional aluminum alloys. , The weight is also lighter. This frame is still a Lug frame, but the ingenious design makes the head tube look quite integrated, and the Lug makes the frame stronger. The surface painting of the frame is anodized, not painted. Sean Kelly used this tank to win countless victories.
5. ONCE Team Edition Giant TCR First Generation Bike (1999) Star Owner: Laurent Jalabert
This is the first appearance of the compression geometry frame on the road bike racing arena. In the late 1990s, Giant’s TCR series road bikes were the choice of ONCE team. TCR was also the first mass-produced tilted head tube frame in history. The designer of TCR is British inventor Mike Burrows, who designed this revolutionary road frame that is smaller and more compressed. The compression frame is not only stronger, lighter, and uses less materials, but also has the advantage of meeting the needs of most riders with fewer sizes and models.
Jaralbert and Giant TCR are playing.
Another British frame maker, David Lloyd , he introduced the tilt head tube design to bicycles even before TCR, which is the "Concept90" he made in the mid-1990s. However, this concept car is made of steel, while the material used in the TCR series is aluminum alloy.
Jaralbert rides the Giant TCR in a pink jersey in the Tour of Italy.
At that time, some drivers in the professional car world were not only using TCR frames, but also using 650C wheels instead of standard 700C wheels. Jaralbert was such a driver. This combination is very advantageous in the uphill finish stage. Some riders firmly believe that bicycles with smaller wheel sizes can ride faster. Although this view has not been confirmed, in the circumstances at the time, the compression frame certainly has certain advantages.
6. Trek OCLV (1999-2005) star owner: Lance Armstrong
Trek really owes Lance Armstrong too much (even now), and it's not an exaggeration to improve the brand's influence alone. Trek has always been committed to producing excellent bicycles, and the people who produce it are avid fans. But when Armstrong won the first Tour de France championship, everything was different and Trek became a world-renowned bicycle brand.
Lance Armstrong rode Trek swept Mont Ventoux
When Armstrong returned to the field in 1998 and played for the US Postal team, Trek was already using the team to promote their OCLV carbon fiber bikes. OCLV stands for Optimum Compaction Low Void, which is Trek's unique carbon fiber processing technology. The research and development of this technology is carried out in Waterloo, Wisconsin, and they have unified standards for carbon fiber standards and fighter materials.
Armstrong rode an OCLV 5200 road bike and won the Tour de France in 1999. This model quickly became the most popular bike in the United States. It is worth noting that in 1999, it was the first time that a driver using a Shimano kit won the Tour de France championship, although as early as 1973, the Flandria team in Belgium brought Shimano to the Tour de France for the first time. .
7. Cervélo Soloist (2001) Star Owner: CSC Team
In 2003, Cervélo became a sponsor of the CSC team, and the CSC team also selected the Cervélo Soloist as a chariot in the race. In the first three years of using Cervélo, the CSC team was regarded as the world's top professional team. The partnership between CSC and Cervélo ended after the 2008 season and lasted for 6 years.
The cooperation between CSC Team and Cervélo was a great success.
Soloist is an iconic product: first, this frame is a rare aluminum alloy frame that can compete head-on with carbon fiber frames; second, this frame has epoch-making aerodynamic performance. Cervélo stated that this is the first truly aerodynamic frame, and Soloist laid the foundation for the development of aerodynamic frames in the future, which has an impact to this day. When Soloist was first released, the downtube and seatpost with a special aerodynamic design were considered revolutionary.
8. LeMond with shock absorber (1993) star car owner: Gilbert Duclos-Lassalle
In 2015, the Sky team used the Pinarello K8-S in the classic race and caused a sensation, but the Sky team is not the first team to use a road car with shock absorbers. When the mountain bike first came out, there was no shock absorber, but after the suspension fork of the mountain bike was invented, many teams wanted to use the shock absorber fork in the classic stone road race. RockShox has tried its own road bike suspension fork products. Maybe RockShox can seize this opportunity?
Lassalle in Paris-Roubaix in 1992.
The suspension fork does work on the rocky road. In fact, Lasalle used RockShox front forks to win the 1992 and 1993 Paris-Roubaix championships. For a time, many Stone Road expert drivers have chosen shock-absorbing front forks.
The suspension forks used on road bikes are lighter than the front forks of mountain bikes, and there is a lock button on the bend handle. Bianchi and Canon Dell have also tried other designs, but the effect is not as good as RockShox's solution. Soon, professional riders gave up road bikes with shock absorbers and started to use "old equipment" again, that is, to wrap up a double-layered handlebar.
Lassalle launched an attack in Paris-Roubaix.
9. Cannondale CAAD3 (1997) star owner: Mario Cipollini
Mario Cipollini has not made much contribution to bicycle technology, but he is really committed to making the sport of bicycle more "exotic". He blatantly ignores the rules for cycling uniforms, which makes the cycling uniforms of today's professional cycling world so colorful. At the same time, this is also the way that today's riders can change the color of their vehicles to match their yellow jerseys, green jerseys, and dots. The reason for the jersey.
Mario Cipollini and his Star-Spangled Banner version CAAD, which is why he was fined.
Let’s describe the cycling jersey worn by Cipollini in the fourth stage of the 1997 Tour de France (the day of Independence Day)-a Saeco team version cycling top with stars and stripes on the bib, and stars and stripes on the bike, because His sponsor, Canon Dell, is an American brand-then Cipolini was fined, and such behavior will not be fined today. Pay attention to Spinergy's front wheels. This is a "four knives" and has now been banned by UCI because they think this front wheel is too dangerous.
Cipollini rides on the pink special edition CAAD, and he temporarily leads the Tour of Italy.
The other most distinctive feature of Cipollini is the stem he chose. No matter which bike he uses and which team he works for, Cipollini always uses a 13 cm stem, and the horns are installed as low as possible. In fact, some bicycles have shorter head tubes, and Cipollini can no longer hold the lower handle on such bicycles, so in some pictures you can see Cipollini sprinting while holding the upper handle. If Cipollini can't show his personality in something, then he won't do it at all.
10. Specialized McLaren S-Works Venge (2011-present) star owner: Mark Cavendish
Specialized is really good at marketing. When Lightning launched Venge, it was based on Cavendish's reputation. Cavendish was undoubtedly the fastest sprinter in the world. Lightning and F1 team McLaren teamed up to create the Venge. McLaren has 30 years of experience in composite materials, and aerodynamics is McLaren’s housekeeping skill. This cooperation is indeed very successful.
Cavendish's special edition Venge
The challenge for designers is: to design an aerodynamic frame, but there can be no compromise in terms of lightweight and handling. Therefore, they had to use special design methods, such as the integrated bottom bracket and rear fork unit, to increase the amount of material only where necessary. At the same time, Venge is also equipped with a sturdy Zipp stem to deal with Cavendish's violent sprint.
Cavendish won the Fragrant Street sprint in the 2011 Tour de France.