The history of the Tour de France you have to know .
Professional cycling races have a long history. Among them, the Tour de France is a world-renowned race. The history of more than one hundred years has proved its huge influence. Today we will take you to understand the bits and pieces of this huge race.
Origin: You may not believe it. The first Tour de France was not held for the sake of competitions. At that time, disputes arose due to race issues. Some factions decided to reorganize their newspapers to promote the influence of their newspapers. It was decided to host the Tour de France in 1903. The initial plan was to race for five weeks, but the number of applicants was only a dozen people, which was too shabby, so the schedule was reduced and subsidies were provided. Finally, 60 people signed up, including the streets. Mixed with some unemployed people. After nearly 2,400 kilometers of riding, Maurice Gehry won the first Tour de France championship.
The event was interrupted: 2017 was the 104th Tour de France, but the Tour de France started in 1903. The years when no events were held were 195-1918 and 1940-1946, because of the First World War and the Second World War. The World War II aborted the tournament. In other years, it has not been suspended.
Four honor shirts:
Yellow jersey: The yellow jersey appeared for the first time in 1919 and was awarded to the player with the lead in total.
Green jersey:The green jersey began to appear in 1953 and was awarded to the best line driver.
White jersey: The white jersey was founded in 1970 and awarded to riders under 25 with the best overall results.
mountains jersey: In 1975, he owned the hill climber mountains jersey, which was awarded to the best mountain biker.
The Four who won Five time championships:
Anquetil(France), the first king to rule the Tour de France in history, won the Tour de France championship for four consecutive years from 1961 to 1964 after winning the championship in 1957, establishing his status as the king of the Tour de France at that time.
Merckx(Belgium), the most dominant player in the history of the Tour de France, won the Tour de France championship for four consecutive years from 1969 to 1972, and then won the championship in 1976. He was given his nickname, Ogre .
Hinault (France), ruled the entire Tour de France in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Five championships of 78,79,81,82,85 are enough to make his name last forever.
Indurain(Spain), with a five consecutive championships (91-95) in the early 1990s marked its unparalleled dominance.
Tour de France route:
The Tour de France started from the first 6 stages to a maximum of more than 25 stages in the middle, and then gradually reduced to 21 stages that are relatively stable today.
From the beginning, it only circumnavigated France roughly in France, and now it starts from outside France, and even some stages are outside France. The route of the Tour de France is not only limited to France, but also shows that the influence of the Tour de France is increasing. Come bigger.
The Tour de France generally starts at the beginning of July and ends at the end of July. It lasts three weeks with two rest days in between.